How to formulate research questions for your dissertation?

How to formulate research questions for your dissertation?

Mostly, if not all the time, working on a dissertation can be overwhelming for you. A dissertation requires extensive research and the formulation of research questions. After you formulate research questions, all the discussion is on answering those questions. The research you conduct, the methods you apply to analyse your data, and the findings of your dissertation all contribute to answering those questions.

What if you do not know how to formulate research questions, like many other students? How can you answer them if you do not have them? In this scenario, there is a need to develop a guideline for formulating such questions. So, today’s article will serve as a guide to help you structure good questions. Hence, let’s start by describing the steps you need to consider.

Formulation of research questions

A good research question forms the backbone of good research. Formulating research questions is an essential thing as it leads to the methodology. However, many researchers do not know anything about their development. Hence, a brief description of the steps that can help you in this is as follows:

Determine the nature of the research

Before you begin the process of developing questions for your research, it is important to determine the nature of your research. The nature of the research defines the way you have to go to formulate research questions. The nature of the research means checking if this research is a test or proposition. Is this research about stating an argument or defending it? Answering these questions is the first you need to take. However, in case of any issue, you can get masters dissertation help.

Do the research

You have determined the nature of your research; now, what’s next? The next step is to conduct some preliminary research on your topic. You can do this research by exploring the journals in your field or reading books. This quick research lets you identify the research gaps in your field that still need to be explored. Knowing those gaps is the second step to formulate research questions.

Consider the audience

Most of the time, the audience is the academic audience. You need to write by keeping them in mind. But this cannot be the case every time. Sometimes, the general public also reads your research to understand a phenomenon. Therefore, you also need to consider them when formulating your research questions. Ask yourself if my audience would be interested in the question I am developing. This question will help you a lot in developing good questions.

Start writing questions

This is the 4th and last step after performing all the steps mentioned above. Now the only thing that you need to do is to start asking questions. Ask the questions and write them, but do not finalise them. It is because the first draft is not always the final draft. After writing your questions, return to them after some time and edit them. This way, you can formulate research questions that are good and relevant to the research.


Formulating the perfect research questions is essential for research. Without having good research questions, the goal of your research is unclear. With the unclear goal, you can achieve nothing but delay in completing your dissertation. Therefore, follow the steps mentioned above to formulate research questions.

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